Around 80% of the world’s power still comes from burning fossil fuels and the use of fossil fuels is likely to continue for the foreseeable future. There is a clear need to make this process more efficient, to maximise the energy output, decrease carbon dioxide emissions and reduce the environmental impact.
One method of doing this is through Carbon Capture and Storage, a process that captures the carbon dioxide generated from fossil fuel power stations and other energy intense industrial processes and stores it underground, stopping it from entering the atmosphere. Support in this area includes the UK Carbon Capture and Storage Research Centre, a national research hub for CCS. We also support training in this area through a Centre for Doctoral Training in Carbon Capture and Storage and Cleaner Fossil Energy.
We are also supporting research to improve the combustion process and improve the extraction of oil and gas, with our research portfolios. Furthermore we are investing in conventional energy generation including two future conventional power research consortia.
A long term carbon dioxide free alternative to fossil based power generation has yet to be established. The depleting reserves of fossil fuels and the greenhouse gases emitted from burning them make this a vital area for research. By funding further research into this area we aim to make conventional power generation more efficient and reduce its environment impact.